The current status of integration of Maritime Education and Training in Europe and its future potential
The developed document describes the current status of the integration of maritime education and training (MET) at varying levels in selected EU member countries. MET institutions are part and parcel of maritime clusters, which are as argued in a range of EU papers and communications, vital for European economy. The study compares the different situations in terms of integration, complementarity, permeability and cohesiveness at the European level. A questionnaire was sent to institutions providing maritime education and training in a selection of countries (Sweden, Greece, Belgium and the UK).
The results of the study show that there is cooperation in Europe within research and development projects, research and/or different types of exchange. It is likely that a coordination of networks at a meta-level would be beneficial, to both institutions and students. This is where remaining members of a maritime cluster can facilitate network relations between MET institutions, who in turn, can disseminate knowledge about career paths and MET possibilities within the cluster.
For the transition from sea to shore very few pathways exist for a seafarer who wishes to update skills for a job ashore. Recommendations include policy support that can enhance development issues and networking. Finally, the authors of the document suggest an addition to the KNOWME model of career transition and development (see figure). The synthesis of policy support for integrated MET, continuing network construction and the insertion of other industrial clusters in the KNOWME model, can be seen as contributions to the overall development and competitiveness of the maritime cluster.
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